March 10th, 2015

Иван Дурак

John Brockman, "This Idea Must Die: Scientific theories that are blocking progress"


View from the grave: to progress, science must bury its opponents (Image: Alan Thornton/Getty)

THE physicist Max Planck had a bleak view of scientific progress: "A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents..." he wrote, "but rather because its opponents eventually die."

This is the assumption behind "This Idea Must Die", the latest collection of replies to the annual question posed by impresario John Brockman on his stimulating and by now venerable online forum, Edge.
The question is:
- which bits of science do we want to bury?
- Which ideas hold us back, trip us up or send us off in a futile direction?
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Иван Дурак

Образ "еврейской свиньи" в европейской культуре

Judensau (German for "Jews' sow" or "Jewish sow"), also known as Saujuden is a folk art image of Jews in obscene contact with a large sow (female pig),
which in Judaism is an unclean animal, that appeared during the 13th century in Germany and some other European countries;
its popularity lasted for over 600 years.
During Nazi Germany, classes of German schoolchildren were sent to see the Judensau on German churches and the term exists as a neo-Nazi insult.

In "Vom Schem Hamphoras" (1543), Luther comments on the Judensau sculpture at Wittenberg, echoing the antisemitism of the image and locating the Talmud in the sow's bowels:
“... Here on our church in Wittenberg a sow is sculpted in stone:
- Young pigs and Jews lie suckling under her;
- Behind the sow a rabbi is bent over the sow, lifting up her right leg, holding her tail high and looking intensely under her tail and into her Talmud,
as though he were reading something acute or extraordinary, which is certainly where they get their Shemhamphoras"

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