Ходжа Н. (hojja_nusreddin) wrote,
Ходжа Н.

Don Wismer, "Rumi on Jesus"

Most of the translations of this author's works lack indexes

- but those which have one, usually cite references to Jesus.
- Works which I do not specifically cite here may contain Jesus references
- which have been overlooked

556. Rumi, Jalal al-Din (1207 - 1273 AD), "Discourses of Rumi" (trans. by Arberry, Arthur John; London: "John Murrey", 1961; 276 p.; also NY: "Samuel Wiser", 1972, 276 p.). A translation of "Fihi ma Fih". No index.

p. 33: an allegory on pain mentions Mary's birth pains, and then says: "The body is like Mary. Every one of us has a Jesus within him, but until the pangs manifest in us our Jesus is not born. If the pangs never come, then Jesus rejoins his origin by the same secret path by which he came, leaving us bereft and without portion of him."
A quatrain follows with the same message.

p. 54: Jesus sought shelter in the desert as a rain-storm broke. A revelation told him to leave the shelter, for he was disturbing the jacal's whelps. He cried aloud, saying: "Lord, the jacal's whelp has a shelter, but the son of Mary has no shelter, no place where he may dwell."

pp. 60-61: John the Baptist wept much; Jesus laughted much. This is explained briefly.

p. 66: "Jesus, upon whom be peace -- what a struggle he made! He spoke whilst yet in the cradle. ... John the Baptist described him whilst yet in his mother's womb."

pp. 80-81: Zacharias prays for a son, and God's response.

p. 99: "The way Jesus, upon whom be peace, was wrestling with solitude and not gratifying lust; the way of Muhammad, God bless him and give him peace, is to endure the oppression and agonies inflicted by men and women. If you cannon go by the Muhammadan way, at least go by the way of Jesus, that you may not remain altogether outside the pale."

pp. 134 - 136: an entire section criticizes the Cristian idea that Jesus was divine, using various arguments. Arberry's note is on p. 264.

p. 199: Jesus said: "I wonder at a living creature, how it can eat a living creature."
Rumi goes on to point out that when a creature is dead, animality has departed from it.
557. Rumi, Jalal al-Din (1207 - 1273 AD), "The masnavi" (trans., commentary by Wilson C.E.; London: "Probsthain", 1910; 2 vols.). Series: "Probsthain's Oriental Series", v. 3,4. No index.
558. Rumi, Jalal al-Din (1207 - 1273 AD), "The mathnawi, edited from the oldest manuscripts available", (trans. Nicholson Reynold Alleyne; Cambridge: "University Press", 1925 - 1940; 8 vols.). Series "E.J.W. Gibb Memorial, new series", 4, 1 - 8.

There are numerous references to nearly all aspects of the Islamic Jesus. The reader is referred to the indexes to the commentary of Nicholson in v. 8, pp. 421, 439, for example.
Arberry (in Rumi's "Tales from the masnavi", p. 11 -- see 561 below) says that Nicholson'e work here "surely constitutes the greatest single contribution to Islamic studies of the first half of the 20-th century".
559. Rumi, Jalal al-Din (1207 - 1273 AD), "Mystical poems of Rumi" (trans. by Arberry, Arthur John; Chicago and London: "University of Chicago Press", 1968; 202 p.). Series: "UNESCO Collection of Representative Works". No index.
Jesus' name appears in verses of this famous Persian poet and sage:

p. 78: "That idea the Cristian carries abroad, the Moslem has not that
Idea, that He is slaying this Messiah upon the cross."

p. 85: "The deposed Narcissus has become the inspector of the kingdom;
the infant bud, like Jesus, has become understanding and chanting."

p. 100: "When Jesus escaped from the ass, his prayers become accepted;
wash your hands, for the Table has arrived from Heaven."

p. 110: "Bestow the prophetic value, so that the ass may not continue in assishness;
from Jesus' wine two wings forthwith sprout on the ass."

p. 125: "Shams-i Tabriz, you are the Jesus of the age;
in your age there is such a sick one."

p. 128: "Since you have not seen Messiah, give ear to the legend;
fly like a white falcon towards the falcon-drum."

p. 130: "Quicken it, and if you cannot, make Messiah your deputy;
grant it union, or if you grant it not, draw it by your grace to the Lord of grace."

p. 135: "The dry palm-tree gave fruit to Mary by the fiat of God;
the dead found life anew from the breath divine."

p. 141: "When you discover the pith, my son,
and have learned to disregard the husk,
when you have entered the quarter of Jesus,
you will not any more say: 'Where is my ass?'"

p. 144: "You are Jesus and I am your bird; you made a bird of clay;
just as you breathe on me, even so I fly in the zenith."
("you" here is the soul)

p. 160: "You are the pasturage of asses, not the abode of Jesus;
why have I known this pasturage of asses?"
("pasturage" ref. to the world)
560. Rumi, Jalal al-Din (1207 - 1273 AD), "Selected poems from the Divani Shamsi Tabriz" (trans. Nicholson Reynold Alleyne; Cambridge: "University Press", 1898; 367 p.).

p. 17. "Child, Jesus sate on an ass for humility's sake:
How else should the zephyr ride on the back of an ass?"

In "Notes", Nicholson comments: "Jesus mounted on the ass represents the soul degraded by contact with the body." He quotes another verse: "Jesus, son of Mary, went to heaven and his ass remained below; I remain on the earth, but my spirit has flown to the sky."

p. 157: "Had there not been an intruder in the company,
Jesus would have revealed to thee the mysteries, point by point."

A few incidental references to Jesus also occur in the following:
561. Rumi, Jalal al-Din (1207 - 1273 AD), "Tales from the masnavi" (trans. by Arberry, Arthur John; London: "Gerge Allen and Unwin", 1961; 300 p.). Series: "UNESCO Collection of Representative Works", Persian Series.
Though there is no index, the following "tales" are present (see also the complete edition, 558).

p. 92 - 93: "Jesus and the dead bones, the fool's prayer answered".
A traveler wished Jesus to give him a power to raise from the dead some bones in a ditch. Jesus demurred, saying that is was not the fool's station in life. Jesus then "recited the name of God over the bones" and "for the sake of that raw fellow, the decree of God brought to life the dead from of the bones. Up sprang a black lion, struck once with its paw and utterly destroyed the fool's figure..." Jesus then conversed with the lion.

pp. 241 - 142: "How Jesus fled from the fools"
A man, seeing Jesus fleeing, cited his miracles and asked from whom he was fleeing.
Jesus said that (in essence) his power was great, but that he could not cure the heart of a fool.

pp. 267 - 268: "The Virgin Mary and the Archangel"
Mary, privately in her chamber, saw "The Trusty Spirit" rise before her, and fearing corruption, she sought God's protection. The Spirit said that he was the messenger of God: "As he spoke, a candlewick of pure light spiralled from his lips straight to the star Arcturus."
A sequel to this work, which I did not see, is: "More tales from the masnawi" (London: George Allen and Unwin, 1963; 252 p.), same author, same series.
562. Rumi, Jalal al-Din (1207 - 1273 AD), "Tales of mystic meaning, being selections from the mathnawi of Jalal ud-Din Rumi" (trans. Nicholson Reynold Alleyne; London: "Chapman and Hall", 1931, 171 p.).
See the complete work (558), and also 561, which contains an identical tale, "How Jesus fled from the fools", pp. 122 - 124.
For futher quotations from and commentaries on Rumi, see also:
12. Abd-el-Jalil, J.M., "La vie de Mary..."
94. Ballou, R.O., ed.
148. Browne, L.E., "The prospects of Islam"
181. Corbin, H., "Creative imagination"
219. Evrin, M.S.;
229. Field, C.H.A.
298. Hasluck, F.W., p. 371
419. Lowenthal, I.
623. Stern, S.M., "Abd al-Jabbar's account..."
715. Zwemer, S.M., "Across..."
New York: "Garland Publishing Inc.", 305 p., 1977, pp. 207 - 209.
Garland reference library of the humanities; v. 58
ISBN 10: 0824099400
LCCN: 76024737
Dewey: 016.297/24
LC: Z7835.M6 W57, BP172 W57
Don Wismer, "The Islamic Jesus" (An annotated Bibliography of Sourses in English and French)
- Donald Wismer is an American author of 4 science fiction novels,
- as well as the definitive bibliography on the Islamic Jesus,
- which is represented in Harvard University as a recommended research tool.
- He also has had several short stories published in anthologies with Charles Waugh.
- He currently lives in Maine and works for the State Government.

Tags: rumi, библиография, иисус, ислам, литерадуроведение

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