при употреблении в чистом виде, может вызвать чувство эйфории.
Плод длиной 6—9 см, жёлтый, с мясистым околоплодником, содержит крупное семя, снабжённое ветвистым красноватым мясистым присемянником (ариллусом). Родина — Молуккские острова: в культуре — в тропиках обоих полушарий.
Вещества, содержащиеся в мускатном орехе, производят психоделический эффект.
Миристицин является прекурсором MMDA, а элемецин и сафрол - прекурсорами MDA и TMA.
The nutmeg tree is important for two spices derived from the fruit: nutmeg and mace.
In Indian cuisine, nutmeg is used in many sweet as well as savoury dishes (predominantly in Mughlai cuisine). It is known as Jaiphal in most parts of India and as Jatipatri and Jathi seed in Kerala. It is also added in small quantaties as a medicine for infants(JanmaGhutti) It may also be used in small quantities in garam masala. Ground nutmeg is also smoked in India.
In Middle Eastern cuisine ground nutmeg is often used as a spice for savoury dishes. In Arabic nutmeg is called Jawzt at-Tiyb.
In Greece and Cyprus nutmeg is called μοσχοκάρυδο (moschokarydo) (Greek: "musky nut") and is used in cooking and savoury dishes.
Psychoactivity and toxicity
In low doses nutmeg produces no noticeable physiological or neurological response, but large doses cause symptoms and harm.
Nutmeg contains myristicin, a weak monoamine oxidase inhibitor. Myristicin poisoning can induce convulsions, palpitations, nausea, eventual dehydration, and generalized body pain. It is also reputed to be a strong deliriant.
Fatal myristicin poisonings in humans are very rare, but two have been reported, in an 8-year-old child and a 55-year-old adult, the latter case attributed to a combination with flunitrazepam. .
Myristicin poisoning is potentially deadly to some pets and livestock, and may be caused by culinary quantities of nutmeg harmless to humans. For this reason, for example, it is recommended not to feed eggnog to dogs.
Use as a recreational drug
Use of nutmeg as a recreational drug is unpopular due to its strong taste and its possible negative side effects, including dizziness, flushes, dry mouth, accelerated heartbeat, temporary constipation, difficulty in urination, nausea, and panic. In addition, experiences usually last well over 24 hours and sometimes in excess of 48 hours, making recreational use rather impractical.
In his autobiography, Malcolm X talks of prison inmates consuming nutmeg powder, usually diluted in a glass of water, in order to become inebriated. The prison guards eventually caught on to this practice and cracked down on nutmeg's use as a psychoactive in the prison system.
In William Burrough's appendix of "Naked Lunch", he mentions nutmeg producing a similar experience to marijuana, but causing nausea instead of relieving it.
Is nutmeg used as a narcotic in the East?
There is reason to believe that Indian folk practices embrace the use of nutmeg as a narcotic, though certainly not on as wide a scale as drug-takers in the U.S. seem to think. An obscure clue is one of the synonyms for nutmeg in Ayurveda: "Mada shaunda", meaning "narcotic fruit".
Dr.C. Dwarakanath, of the Indian Ministry of Health, has informed me:
"M. fragrans is generally chewed together with betel for the slight excitement it gives. It is also consumed orally with a view to stimulating the libido. Mada shaunda refers to its narcotic action... in certain parts of southern India, M. fragrans is mixed with tobacco snuff and used".
A story, frequently encountered, is that Cannabisdevotees will turn to nutmeg when they cannot get hemp. Again, there is only one bit of published evidence - 2 tines from Bamford's Poisons of 1951:
"Within the last few years, partly owing to the difficulty in obtaining hashish, it has become the practice in Egypt to substitute powdered nutmeg. In sufficiently large doses this produces symptoms similar to those of hashish intoxication and the effects may even be much more severe."
Unfortunately, no further information on this subject is available from Egyptian governmental agencies, and no other writer has confirmed Bamfords observation.
Andrew T. Weil, "The Use of Nutmeg as a Psychotropic Agent"