When today in all the arts there is endless re-visiting and referencing of past traditions, and when appropriation is commonplace, this idea puts a different perspective on the matter:
“In Persian culture there’s something called tazmin, which is a longstanding tradition of poets taking one line or one beat or one idea from an earlier poem, picking it up and putting it in their own poem and going on from there.”
His own borrowings are not acts of imitation or homage but rather attempts to absorb and extend what other filmmakers have done. And you can see a similar process of appropriation and modification.
A.O. SCOTT, "Neo-Neo Realism"