Ходжа Н. (hojja_nusreddin) wrote,
Ходжа Н.

Lloyd Ridgeon, "Ahmad Kasravi and the Iranian mystical tradition"

The study of erfan

- was adopted too by some of the leading clerics of the 1-st half of the ХХth century,
- thus Shariat Sangalaji was taught erfan in Tehran by Mirza Hashem Eshkevari,
- Ruhollah Khomeini (1902–89) took classes in the same subject offered by Mirza Mohammad Ali Shahabadi (1875–1950) & Mirza Ali Akbar Hakim Yazdi (d. 1925).

Khomeini mentions the suspicion, that some clerics held for mysticism

- to the extent that it was necessary to find a preacher to testify from the minbar
- that Mirza Ali Akbar Hakim Yazdi actually read the Quran.
- Sympathetic to the tradition of erfan, Khomeini was later to observe:
--- “Those, who wear cloaks and turbans and denounce the mystics as unbelievers,
--- do not understand what they are saying; if they did, they would not denounce them”.

Another example of the suspicion surrounding erfan

- concerns the difficulty in obtaining mystical texts;
- as a young scholar in Mashhad (the holiest city in Shiite Iran because of the existence of Imam Reza’s tomb) in the 1920s,
- Badi al-Zaman Foruzanfar could not find a copy of Rumi’s "Divan-e Shams"
- perhaps due to the Sufi nature of the contents, or, as Franklin Lewis suggests, because Rumi was a Sunni.

Such caution about erfan resulted in some holding secret classes

- as in Khomeini’s case &
- even if the classes were public then, the prerequisites for entry into the class
- prevented access to those, who were not serious or academically minded.

E.G. Browne has recorded the difficulty in attending

- Hajji Molla Hadi Sabzevari’s classes on metaphysics and Molla Sadra
- His students would have had to have shown proficiency in preliminary studies of:
- Arabic grammar, logic, mathematics, jurisprudence & scholastic theology

Tags: divan, rumi, иран, ислам, льюис, мистик, тайна, ученье, фарузанфар

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