Ходжа Н. (hojja_nusreddin) wrote,
Ходжа Н.
hojja_nusreddin

49 Wonderful Gifts That Scotland Gave To The World

Penicillin: The antibiotic was discovered in 1928 by Scotsman Alexander Fleming. Some consider it Scotland's greatest contribution to the world.

The Steam Engine
: Scottish inventor James Watt is known for his improvements on the Newcomen engine.

TV
: Scottish engineer John Logie Baird is most famous for the first demonstration of a working television in 1925.

The first powered boat
: William Symington of, Lanarkshire, Scotland, developed an engine for one of the first practical steamboats.

The bicycle
: For this, you can thank Scottish blacksmith Kirkpatrick Macmillan.

Electromagnetics
: James Clerk Maxwell is most famous for his mathematical equations relating electricity with magnetism.

The Telephone
: Alexander Graham Bell was born in Scotland.

The Sticky Plaster
: Invented by Scottish surgeon Robert Liston.

Sherlock Holmes
: The fictional detective was created by Scottish author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.

The Carronade
: This cast iron cannon was first developed by the Carron Company in Scotland.

Tubular Steel
: Developed by Sir William Fairbairn, born in Kelso, Scotland.

The Threshing Machine
: Andrew Meikle of Scotland invented this machine for quickly removing the husks from grain.

The Tea Cake
: These treats were introduced by the Tunnock family, who opened the first bakery in Lararkshire in 1890.

Telegraph cables
: Scottish scientist Lord Kelvin was instrumental in the laying of the first telegraph cables.

Insulin
: Scottish doctor John J.R. Macleod helped to discover the role of insulin in type 1 diabetes.

The Higgs boson
: Peter Higgs has a Scottish mom. The 2013 physics Nobel Prize winner is also a Professor Emeritus at The University of Edinburgh.

Modern MacAdamised Roads
: First built by John Loudon McAdam, the roads "allowed wheeled vehicles to move comfortably and quickly."

The Kelvin Scale
: Lord Kelvin of Scotland invented this unit of temperature in 1848.

The Kaleidoscope
: Invented in 1816 by Scotsman David Brewster.

Tunnocks Caramel Wafers
: Another delightful Tunnock invention.

The Steam Hammer
: Invented by Scottish engineer James Nasmyth around 1844.

Cordite
: James Dewar, a Scottish physicist educated at the University of Edinburgh, played a key role in the discovery of cordite.

The Decimal Point
: Scotsman John Napier "brought the decimal point into common use."

Logarithms
: A method for calculating logarithms is also Napier's handiwork.

Hemoglobin
: John Scott Haldane, born in Edinburgh, is famous for describing a property of hemoglobin — now known as the Haldane effect — in which deoxygenated blood can carry more carbon dioxide.

Peter Pan
: The play was written by Scottish author J.M. Barrie.

Refrigeration
: Physicist William Cullen is the first know person to demonstrate artificial refrigeration at the University of Glasgow in the 18th century.

The Forth Rail Bridge
: The massive bridge connects Edinburgh and Fife. According to one historian: "Building the bridge absolutely transformed the country and transformed trade."

First Man on the Moon
: Yep, Neil Armstrong had Scottish roots.

The Deep Fried Mars Bar
: A Scottish chip shop invented the heart-attack inducing snack around two decades ago.

Electric Clocks
: First patented by Scottish inventor Alexander Bain.

Statistical graphics
(including the pie chart, the line graph, and the bar chart): Architect William Playfair, who lived in Edinburgh, is considered the inventor of statistical graphics.

Proper Whisky 
Surgery
: A truly Scottish invention.

Curling
: An ancient Scottish sport, which you can read more about here.

The Toaster
: The appliance was invented by Scottish scientist Alan MacMasters in 1893.

The Wealth of Nations
: Adam Smith was born in Scotland

The Bank of England
: Scottish trader Sir William Paterson first proposed the idea.
And, The Bank of France.

The Seismometer
: A tool for measuring earthquakes was invented by James David Forbes in 1842.

A cure for malaria
: George Cleghorn, born near Edinburgh, discovered that quinine could cure malaria.

Golf
: The sport is said to have originated from a game played in Scotland during the 15th century.

The Tractor Beam
: Yep, it exists, and was created by scientists from the University of Dundee in Scotland.

Long John Silver
: The fictional pirate was a character in Scottish novelist Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island.

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
: Also the work of Stevenson.

The Tire
: John Boyd Dunlop, a Scottish inventor, developed the first inflatable tire for bikes, patented in 1888.

Dolly, the cloned sheep
: She was created here.

Proxima Centauri
: The red dwarf star was discovered by Scottish-born astronomer Robert Innes.

The Raincoat
: Scottish chemist Charles Macintosh invented a waterproof material that led ot the raincoat.

Marmalade
: And finally, thanks to Janet Keiller, a Dundee shopkeeper who is widely credited with introducing the commercial market to marmalade — an orange-y jam thing.
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http://www.businessinsider.com/products-of-scotland-2014-9
Tags: англия, гениальность, изобретение, история, шотландия
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