which in Judaism is an unclean animal, that appeared during the 13th century in Germany and some other European countries;
its popularity lasted for over 600 years.
During Nazi Germany, classes of German schoolchildren were sent to see the Judensau on German churches and the term exists as a neo-Nazi insult.
In "Vom Schem Hamphoras" (1543), Luther comments on the Judensau sculpture at Wittenberg, echoing the antisemitism of the image and locating the Talmud in the sow's bowels:
“... Here on our church in Wittenberg a sow is sculpted in stone:
- Young pigs and Jews lie suckling under her;
- Behind the sow a rabbi is bent over the sow, lifting up her right leg, holding her tail high and looking intensely under her tail and into her Talmud,
as though he were reading something acute or extraordinary, which is certainly where they get their Shemhamphoras"